The Tariff of Abominations was signed by Adams.*
It was hated by Southern gentlemen
And by their madams.**
*John Quincy Adams.
**The tariff was much higher than previous tariffs which were meant to protect the manufacturing interests of most of the North from the influx of cheaper goods made in Great Britain. The agricultural South lost money when Britain decided to reduce exports to the states and buy less cotton. Consequently, in the South, the tariff acquired the moniker, the Tariff of Abominations. John C. Calhoun of South Carolina [pictured below] was the South's leading opponent of the tariff. Calhoun proposed a nullification theory that would allow any state to declare a law unconstitutional under the principle of states' rights. The tariff was eventually repealed and replaced by one much lower. The controversy was a chilling warning of what was to come.
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