MMA Fghting Terms - MMA for Dummies

There are so many new fans of MMA. Lots of women have embraced the sport and the cross over of fans from the WWE has doubled MMA's popularity in the last 5 years. But do all the new fans really know what they are watching and understand the sport and how it is played. In general, fans seem to only appreciate when punches are being exchanged or when a fighter is slammed on the ground. Those two elements alone do not showcase the multitude of skills and techniques available to a MMA fighter. The ground game is complicated and I often say it is a chess match. Granted most do not like watching chess; and if you know how to play then, simply put, you would much rather be playing chess. But if you are new-be to the sport of MMA, learn a little more about the game. Invest in understanding the ground elements and what goes into any submission. Take a look at these fight terms below and you will find that being a more educated specator will improve your love of MMA and maybe even inspire you train a little for the fun of it.

Terminology Provided by UFC-Gambling-Odds.com

Ankle Lock: 
Includes all locks, bars, and holds that cause enough pain to cause an opponent to submit. Many of these holds can result in serious injury if the opponent does not tap out in time. A few popular submission holds are arm bars, ankle locks, knee bars, and neck cranks. 

Arm Bar:
Includes all locks, bars, and holds that cause enough pain to cause an opponent to submit. Many of these holds can result in serious injury if the opponent does not tap out in time. A few popular submission holds are arm bars, ankle locks, knee bars, and neck cranks. 

Choke Holds:
Any hold that impairs the flow of blood or oxygen to the brain. There are many chokes including the rear naked choke, the guillotine, and the triangle choke 

Cut Man:
The cut man helps stop the flow of blood from fighter's cuts by applying coagulants. The UFC's cut man is Leon Tabbs. 

Eye Gouge:
A Foul in the UFC. Digging the fingers in and around the opponents eye 

Fishhook: 
A Foul in the UFC. Hooking the fingers into an opponents mouth, nostrils, or ears and pulling at them 

Foot Stomp:
Stomping on the opponents feet trying to damage the instep and fragile foot bones 

Gi:
Japanese term for martial arts uniform 

Guard Position:
A fighter is on his back with his opponent between his legs. While this is primarily a defensive position, many submission holds are possible. 

Guillotine:
Any hold that impairs the flow of blood or oxygen to the brain. There are many chokes including the rear naked choke, the guillotine, and the triangle choke 

Head-Butt:
Using the head to strike the opponent 

Joint Lock:
Includes all locks, bars, and holds that cause enough pain to cause an opponent to submit. Many of these holds can result in serious injury if the opponent does not tap out in time. A few popular submission holds are arm bars, ankle locks, knee bars, and neck cranks 

Knee Bar:
Includes all locks, bars, and holds that cause enough pain to cause an opponent to submit. Many of these holds can result in serious injury if the opponent does not tap out in time. A few popular submission holds are arm bars, ankle locks, knee bars, and neck cranks 

KO:
Knock out. A fighter is knocked down and unconscious. 

Leg Lock:
Includes all locks, bars, and holds that cause enough pain to cause an opponent to submit. Many of these holds can result in serious injury if the opponent does not tap out in time. A few popular submission holds are arm bars, ankle locks, knee bars, and neck cranks 

Mount Position:
A dominant position where a fighter straddles his opponent on the ground 

Mouse:
A dark swollen bruise around the eye 

Neck Crank:
Any hold that impairs the flow of blood or oxygen to the brain. There are many chokes including the rear naked choke, the guillotine, and the triangle choke 

NHB:
Used to refer to fighting contests with few rules 

No Holds Barred:
Used to refer to fighting contests with few rules 

Octagon:
The eight sided fence enclosed fighting area that UFC matches are held in. 

Rear-Choke:
Any hold that impairs the flow of blood or oxygen to the brain. There are many chokes including the rear naked choke, the guillotine, and the triangle choke 
Reversal:
Switching from being in a disadvantageous position to a superior one. 

Submission:
When a fighter signals surrender due to a submission hold, choke, or from strikes. The fighter can tap the mat three times or submit verbally 

Submission Hold:
Includes all locks, bars, and holds that cause enough pain to cause an opponent to submit. Many of these holds can result in serious injury if the opponent does not tap out in time. A few popular submission holds are, arm bars, ankle locks, knee bars, and neck cranks. 

Takedown:
Usually occurs when a grappler takes his opponent to the ground. 

Triangle Choke:
Any hold that impairs the flow of blood or oxygen to the brain. There are many chokes including the rear naked choke, the guillotine, and the triangle choke.



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  • I know I'm being picky...but...slide #5 is actually a picture of a knee bar and not a ankle lock.

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