New HIV cases have been falling in the United States in most racial and ethnic groups, except among gay Hispanic men, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
CDC officials reported that HIV diagnoses have been declining in many groups, including gay and bisexual white men, heterosexuals and people who inject drugs. Here are the numbers: the CDC reported steep declines in diagnoses among heterosexuals — 35 percent —and people who inject drugs — 63 percent — from 2005 to 2014. HIV diagnoses among white gay and bisexual men have dropped about 18 percent over the same period. Among women, diagnoses declined by 40 percent. Black women, especially, have seen the sharpest decline in new infections, which have been cut nearly in half.
The CDC shows HIV cases among gay Hispanic males. The CDC says the number of Latinos diagnosed with HIV climbed 24 percent between 2005 and 2014.
Eugene McCray, director of the CDC’s Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, said the increase is a problem that the CDC has not been able to explain.
"Is it because the prevention interventions are just not getting to that group in a way that's effective?" he told The Advocate. "We're going to be looking at that very carefully."
However, in gay black men, new infections is finally leveling off. The new figures show that the number of newly diagnosed cases in gay and bisexual black men hasn't moved up much since 2010 — less than 1 percent. For younger men in that group — who have had alarming infection rates — new diagnoses dropped 2 percent.
Last year, HIV was diagnosed in about 27,000 gay and bisexual men, 10,000 heterosexuals and 2,000 injection drug users.
These numbers are not great news, by far, but they are a cause for hope.