Ernest Alton "Tony" Grunsfeld III has designed dozens of homes along the bluffs overlooking Lake Michigan. Most are in the distinctively modern idiom exhibited in the newly-listed Highland Park home pictured above.
So what's with that rather forbidding façade? Grunsfeld explains, in his oral history at the Art Institute.
"I think houses are very private. That's where you go hide, that's where you're with your family, where you can take your shoes off and be comfortable. I think that's sort of the idea of the gate and the moat and drawbridge. Then there's the lake and the ravine or a beautiful garden that is all your private space. I think [my] houses are intentionally closed in the front. I'm not sure they're unfriendly. They are certainly private."