The Swedish Academy said he won "for his cartography of structures of power and his trenchant images of the individual's resistance, revolt, and defeat."
Vargas Llosa fuses art and politics. He unsuccessfully ran for president of Peru in 1990.
His books and other writings are numerous. They include The Time of the Hero, 1966, Aunt Julia and the Scriptwriter, 1982, and The Feast of the Goat, 2001.
In his younger years, he lived Paris where he worked as a journalist for Agence-France-Presse and the national television service of France. He is currently teaching this semester at Princeton University.
The last Latin American to win the Nobel in Literature was Octavio Paz of Mexico in 1990.
Very few Latin American and no U.S. Latino writers have won in the last 50 years. In fact, few Americans have won with Toni Morrison the last to do so in 1983.
Here is a list of past winners from the Associated Press.
Who do you think should win a Nobel Prize in Literature in future years?