Charles Darwin never said that evolution was good. He was never an advocate of the survival of the fittest constituting a virtuous moral code. Evolution was simply the result of an unbiased quest for truth. Why are there species and breeds of animals that exist on the Galapagos Islands, but don’t exist anywhere else on earth? The result of answering this question was not an argument of morality, but rather an argument of reality.
Evolution only cares about survival and offspring. An immoral and cruel family with many children is advantageous to a moral and loving family with few children in the survival of the fittest. Compassion and generosity have helped our ancestors survive, but so has greed and hate. In order to ascend the purely survivalist morality of evolution, mankind must establish an ethical social order and rules of society. Advancements in morality cannot come from nature; they must come from a collaboration of mankind’s’ greatest moral reasoning.
Many argue that morality must come from a greater source than humans in order to have any legitimacy. If societal human rights only come from people, they can be taken away from people. The only way to be good is to have this dictated by the highest source. An omnipotent being of which there is no higher power must dictate what is right and what is wrong. Anything else is arbitrary and suspect.
The problem with this ideology is that we cannot determine what divine morality is. Millions of men throughout history have claimed to speak for god. Which one truly had the authority to do so? If you decide that the words of the Bible are the true words of god, you are making a personal choice or one that was made for you when you were young. You are deciding on one source of morality out of thousands and declaring that one to be divine. Do humans have the divine authority necessary to dictate what the divine source of authority is?
There are people who claim that statements come from god simply because they agree with them. In the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson stated, “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” So according to this statement, mankind is endowed by their creator, and many religious people publically and proudly agree and hold onto these words. There’s only one problem. Did Thomas Jefferson have the authority to speak for god? Was Thomas Jefferson a divine prophet?
If Jefferson stated that our creator granted the right of authority based on height, would people think that came from god? Would they consider that to be divine authority? Of course the vertically challenged would likely take issue with that statement. Once again it’s a personal choice. Either you connect with the rhetoric, or you don’t. Insisting that god agrees with the statements that you agree with does not dictate a higher authority of morality, only a higher degree of your own arrogance.
Good Christians have done much charity. Bad Christians have done much torture. There are Muslims raised with the notion that Islam is a tolerant religion of peace. There are Muslims raised with a notion that Islam justifies reckless murder. How is all of this possible when the religious text is static on all accounts? Religion will take the form of the messenger. The administers of indoctrination will heavily influence the morality of the message. This is how the world works as is clearly evident by a long history of leaders and followers.
What happens when the mind is free and a human is able to perform their own journey for truth in morality and ethics? Where will they go? Where will that journey lead? The Confucian definition of an exemplary person perhaps? The virtues of Socrates? The teachings of Gandhi? The morality of Buddhism? Ancient Toltec wisdom? The balance of good and evil represented in Taoism? The teachings of Jesus Christ or Muhammad? The ethical teachings of an Old Kingdom Egyptian pharaoh? A harvest of the greatest morality from all sources?
That journey would depend on the individual. None of the sources are divine. What attracts the traveler will be determined by the character of that person. Abandon dogmatism and take that journey. Dedicate your life to continuous self-improvement through the acquirement of knowledge and wisdom. The greatest foundation of morality contains many pillars. Choose your pillars wisely.